voice/character who speaks; also known as the narator
character who is spoken to/who listens
what the speaker says to the addressee
effect created through regular distribution of stressed and unstressed syllables
pause or break in the middle of a line
line that completes a syntactic unit, mostly ending with a punctuation
line that contains part of a syntactic unit, to be completed in the following
identity of sound from the last stressed vowel, to the end of words or phrases
identity of sound at the beginning of words
identity of sound in the middle of words
something that stands for or points to something else
way of speaking about something as if it were something else
indirect way of referring to something by naming something else closely related to it, e.g. as container and content, or genus and species
fourteen-line poem in rhymed iambic pentameter
similarity between sound and meaning
element that occurs in many different texts
a way of talking about something non-human as if it were a person; also known as prosopopoeia
Short story = written to be read at a single sitting. Novella = written to be read in several sittings. Novel = written to be read in multiple sittings.
Lyric poetry = expresses thoughts or feelings. Narrative poetry = the narrator is a storyteller. Dramatic poetry = the narrator interacts with others.
Comedy = from disorder to order, ends happily. Tragedy = from order to disorder, ending badly. Tragicomedy = mixes tragedy and comedy.
LITERATURE lit-er-a-ture | [noun]
∎ Written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit.
∎ Books and writings published on a particular subject.
∎ Leaflets and other printed matter used to advertise products or give advice.
LITERARY lit-er-ar-y | [adjective]
∎ Concerning the writing, study, or content of literature, especially of the kind valued for quality of form.
∎∎ “Orwell’s are among the great literary works of the twentienth century”
LITERAL lit-er-al | [adjective]
∎ Taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or exaggeration.
∎ (of a translation) representing the exact words of the original text.
∎∎ “A literal translation from the Arabic”
∎∎∎ synonyms: word-for-word, verbatim, line-for-line, letter-for-letter
∎ (of a person or performance) lacking imagination; prosaic.
∎∎ “his interpretation was rather too literal”
∎∎∎ synonyms: literal-minded, factual
∎∎∎∎ antonyms: whimsical
Some modes or types of poetic style… the full list is indefinite.
Speaker expresses an opinion or disagrees with another one
Speaker expresses private or secret thoughts or emotions
Speaker details a scene, usually in the present tense
Two or more voices take turns in speaking
Speaker informs or advises the addressee or addressees
Speaker discusses a topic in the manner of an essay
Speaker interacts with others in a well-defined situation
Speaker regrets the loss of something or someone
Speaker praises something or someone
Speaker illustrates or explains something
Speaker expresses thoughts or emotions
Speaker tells a story, usually in the past tense
Speaker tries to convince the addressee or addressees
Speaker criticises something or someone explicitly
Speaker criticises something or someone implicitly
a rant is Brewing:
Frantic, frenetic and as pointless as patriarchal pride.
a rant is Emboldening:
Uncouth, unhindered and as cruel as chemical castration.
a rant is Wending:
Curt, callous and as cutting as a talent show host.
a rant is Advancing:
Knifelike, knowledgable and as tiresome as suburban conventions.
a rant is Raging:
Eviscerating, exposing and as dogeared as orthodox faith.
a rant is Ending:
Rabid, rambled and as incandescent as ice.
The outsourcing of work to machines is not new. In fact, some argue that it has been “the dominant motif of the past 200 years of economic history.” Over and over again, as vast numbers of jobs have been destroyed, others have been created. And over and over, we’ve been terrible at envisioning what kinds of new jobs people would end up doing.