No Rhyme, No Reason

voice/character who speaks; also known as the narator

character who is spoken to/who listens

what the speaker says to the addressee

effect created through regular distribution of stressed and unstressed syllables

pause or break in the middle of a line

End-stopped line
line that completes a syntactic unit, mostly ending with a punctuation

Run-on line
line that contains part of a syntactic unit, to be completed in the following

identity of sound from the last stressed vowel, to the end of words or phrases

identity of sound at the beginning of words

identity of sound in the middle of words

something that stands for or points to something else

way of speaking about something as if it were something else

indirect way of referring to something by naming something else closely related to it, e.g. as container and content, or genus and species

fourteen-line poem in rhymed iambic pentameter

similarity between sound and meaning

element that occurs in many different texts

explicit comparison

poetic exaggeration

a way of talking about something non-human as if it were a person; also known as prosopopoeia

Literacy, Literally

Genre = a type or kind of literature.

Fiction = narrative prose literature.
Poetry = metrical literature.
Drama = representational literature.


Short story = written to be read at a single sitting.
Novella = written to be read in several sittings.
Novel = written to be read in multiple sittings.


Lyric poetry =  expresses thoughts or feelings.
Narrative poetry = the narrator is a storyteller.
Dramatic poetry = the narrator interacts with others.


Comedy = from disorder to order, ends happily.
Tragedy = from order to disorder, ending badly.
Tragicomedy = mixes tragedy and comedy.

lit-er-a-ture | [noun]
∎ Written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit.
∎ Books and writings published on a particular subject.
∎ Leaflets and other printed matter used to advertise products or give advice.

lit-er-ar-y | [adjective]
∎ Concerning the writing, study, or content of literature, especially of the kind valued for quality of form.
∎∎ “Orwell’s are among the great literary works of the twentienth century”

lit-er-al | [adjective]
∎ Taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or exaggeration.
∎ (of a translation) representing the exact words of the original text.
∎∎ “A literal translation from the Arabic”
∎∎∎ synonyms: word-for-word, verbatim, line-for-line, letter-for-letter
∎ (of a person or performance) lacking imagination; prosaic.
∎∎ “his interpretation was rather too literal”
∎∎∎ synonyms: literal-minded, factual
∎∎∎∎ antonyms: whimsical


Poetic Modus Operandi

Some modes or types of poetic style… the full list is indefinite.

Argumentative mode
Speaker expresses an opinion or disagrees with another one

Confessional mode
Speaker expresses private or secret thoughts or emotions

Descriptive mode
Speaker details a scene, usually in the present tense

Dialogic mode
Two or more voices take turns in speaking

Didactic mode
Speaker informs or advises the addressee or addressees

Discursive mode
Speaker discusses a topic in the manner of an essay

Dramatic mode
Speaker interacts with others in a well-defined situation

Elegiac mode
Speaker regrets the loss of something or someone

Eulogic mode
Speaker praises something or someone

Expository mode
Speaker illustrates or explains something

Lyric mode
Speaker expresses thoughts or emotions

Narrative mode
Speaker tells a story, usually in the past tense

Persuasive mode
Speaker tries to convince the addressee or addressees

Polemic mode
Speaker criticises something or someone explicitly

Satiric mode
Speaker criticises something or someone implicitly

This Anodyne Tome

Fettered, febrile & formulaically forlorn…

a rant is Brewing:
Frantic, frenetic and as pointless as patriarchal pride.
a rant is Emboldening:
Uncouth, unhindered and as cruel as chemical castration.
a rant is Wending:
Curt, callous and as cutting as a talent show host.
a rant is Advancing:
Knifelike, knowledgable and as tiresome as suburban conventions.
a rant is Raging:
Eviscerating, exposing and as dogeared as orthodox faith.
a rant is Ending:
Rabid, rambled and as incandescent as ice.

Time Will Tell

do androids dream of electric sheep

The outsourcing of work to machines is not new. In fact, some argue that it has been “the dominant motif of the past 200 years of economic history.” Over and over again, as vast numbers of jobs have been destroyed, others have been created. And over and over, we’ve been terrible at envisioning what kinds of new jobs people would end up doing.