&, full-time font fan.
a skilled user of words.
the ability to effortlessly string together words.
The moment of recognition
A plot in which the main actions or events have happened before the narrative sets in, and in which the reader’s interest is mainly directed at finding out what has happened, rather than at what will happen
Main character who reacts to the protagonist
Main character without exceptional qualities
A situation in which one or more characters have mutually exclusive goals.
The effect of a contrast between what is expected and what happens, or between what characters know and what the reader knows.
Closure or completion of a story
Moment of sudden insight or understanding
Storyteller who refers to him/herself with first-person pronouns “I”, “me”, “my”
Jump to an earlier fictional present
Protagonist or antagonist with exceptional qualities
Hero/ine (the opposite is the Villain)
Female protagonist or antagonist with exceptional qualities
Response to a piece of fiction by a reader who imagines him/herself in the role of a character while reading
Situation in which one character has mutually exclusive goals
Appeal to the reader’s curiosity
Ending without a sense of closure or completion
Turnaround or reversal
Sequence of actions or events linked to each other as cause and effect
Use of different perspectives in third-person narration
Main character whose actions move the plot forward
Protagonist (the opposite is the Antagonist)
Delay in satisfying the reader’s curiosity
Plot in which the reader’s interest is directed at finding out what will happen
Storyteller who reports the events of a story without talking about him/herself.
A surprise turn at the end of a story.
A first-person narrator whose statements cannot be trusted.
A way of making a statement by saying the exact opposite.
A character who is and does evil.
voice/character who speaks; also known as the narator
character who is spoken to/who listens
what the speaker says to the addressee
effect created through regular distribution of stressed and unstressed syllables
pause or break in the middle of a line
line that completes a syntactic unit, mostly ending with a punctuation
line that contains part of a syntactic unit, to be completed in the following
identity of sound from the last stressed vowel, to the end of words or phrases
identity of sound at the beginning of words
identity of sound in the middle of words
something that stands for or points to something else
way of speaking about something as if it were something else
indirect way of referring to something by naming something else closely related to it, e.g. as container and content, or genus and species
fourteen-line poem in rhymed iambic pentameter
similarity between sound and meaning
element that occurs in many different texts
a way of talking about something non-human as if it were a person; also known as prosopopoeia
Genre = a type or kind of literature.
Fiction = narrative prose literature.
Poetry = metrical literature.
Drama = representational literature.
Short story = written to be read at a single sitting.
Novella = written to be read in several sittings.
Novel = written to be read in multiple sittings.
Lyric poetry = expresses thoughts or feelings.
Narrative poetry = the narrator is a storyteller.
Dramatic poetry = the narrator interacts with others.
Comedy = from disorder to order, ends happily.
Tragedy = from order to disorder, ending badly.
Tragicomedy = mixes tragedy and comedy.
Some modes or types of poetic style… the full list is indefinite.
Speaker expresses an opinion or disagrees with another one
Speaker expresses private or secret thoughts or emotions
Speaker details a scene, usually in the present tense
Two or more voices take turns in speaking
Speaker informs or advises the addressee or addressees
Speaker discusses a topic in the manner of an essay
Speaker interacts with others in a well-defined situation
Speaker regrets the loss of something or someone
Speaker praises something or someone
Speaker illustrates or explains something
Speaker expresses thoughts or emotions
Speaker tells a story, usually in the past tense
Speaker tries to convince the addressee or addressees
Speaker criticises something or someone explicitly
Speaker criticises something or someone implicitly
Flashback is a literary device wherein the author depicts the occurrence of specific events to the reader, which have taken place before the present time the narration is following, or events that have happened before the events that are currently unfolding in the story.
Flashback devices that are commonly used are past narratives by characters, depictions and references of dreams and memories and a sub device known as authorial sovereignty wherein the author directly chooses to refer to a past occurrence by bringing it up in a straightforward manner.
Flashback is used to create a background to the present situation, place or person.