The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is used in some social science publications and most historical journals. It remains the basis for the Style Guide of the American Anthropological Association and the Style Sheet for the Organization of American Historians. In distinction to the APA format, CMS offers writers a choice of several different formats and actually permits the mixing of formats, provided that the result is clear and consistent. It also provides a comprehensive formatting and styling guide (the layout and structure of your writing) and additionally covers, inter alia, plagiarism, language tone, construction of tables and graphs.
Take a look at the two article extracts below, both use the CMS reference format.
Alexander, James. “The Four Points of the Compass,” Philosophy, 87, no.1(2012):79-107.
The Four Points of the Compass
Donahue, T. J. “Terrorism, Moral Conceptions, and Moral Innocence,” The Philosophical Forum, 44, no.4(2013):413–435.
Terrorism, Moral Conceptions, and Moral Innocence
Sample document format
The pages below show a sample document using CMS note-bibliography format.
Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007).
“Elizabethan era” / “Love letters”
Anthology / Chronology / Terminology
Glossary of works, writers & literary devices:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
📕 Reading lists 📗 Poets of note 📘 Writers of note
* * * * * *
§ ‒ Latin in English
§ ‒ French in English
§ ‒ APA format & referencing guide
§ ‒ CMS format & referencing guide
§ ‒ Phrases & Idioms (inc. etymology)
📝 Analytical techniques (for poetry & prose)