The moment of recognition
A plot in which the main actions or events have happened before the narrative sets in, and in which the reader’s interest is mainly directed at finding out what has happened, rather than at what will happen
Main character who reacts to the protagonist
Main character without exceptional qualities
A situation in which one or more characters have mutually exclusive goals.
The effect of a contrast between what is expected and what happens, or between what characters know and what the reader knows.
Closure or completion of a story
Moment of sudden insight or understanding
Storyteller who refers to him/herself with first-person pronouns “I”, “me”, “my”
Jump to an earlier fictional present
Protagonist or antagonist with exceptional qualities
Hero/ine (the opposite is the Villain)
Female protagonist or antagonist with exceptional qualities
Response to a piece of fiction by a reader who imagines him/herself in the role of a character while reading
Situation in which one character has mutually exclusive goals
Appeal to the reader’s curiosity
Ending without a sense of closure or completion
Turnaround or reversal
Sequence of actions or events linked to each other as cause and effect
Use of different perspectives in third-person narration
Main character whose actions move the plot forward
Protagonist (the opposite is the Antagonist)
Delay in satisfying the reader’s curiosity
Plot in which the reader’s interest is directed at finding out what will happen
Storyteller who reports the events of a story without talking about him/herself.
A surprise turn at the end of a story.
A first-person narrator whose statements cannot be trusted.
A way of making a statement by saying the exact opposite.
A character who is and does evil.